So Exactly what is Substance Abuse anyways?
It is a question on the mind of many. In fact, it was one of the most searched words in 2021 according to Google. To answer this question let’s first break down the question.
Substance abuse is another name for Substance Use Disorder.
It is an excessive use of psychoactive drugs, such as pain medications, illegal drugs or alcohol. They can often lead to physical, social and emotional harm.
This is the medical description used to describe the following:
Substance abuse is a medical term for a pattern of substance (drug) use that produces severe issues or distress. Missing work or school, or using the chemical in potentially harmful conditions, like driving a car, are examples of this. It could lead to legal issues or it could lead to consistent substance abuse that disrupts family and friendship connections. Substance abuse is defined as the misuse of illegal substances such as marijuana, heroin, cocaine, or methamphetamine as a recognized medical brain problem. It could also be the misuse of legal substances like alcohol, nicotine, or prescribed medications. The most commonly abused legal drug is alcohol.
Substance abuse dependency
Substance dependency is a medical term for drug or alcohol misuse that continues even after severe issues have arisen as a result of its use. Dependency manifests itself in several ways:
- Tolerance to the medicine or the requirement for higher doses to achieve an ‘effect.’
- Withdrawal symptoms can take place when you reduce or stop using a medication that you find difficult to reduce or stop using.
- Investing a significant amount of time on obtaining, using, and recovering from the effects of drugs.
- Withdrawal from activities in both the social and recreational spheres of life despite being aware of the physical, psychological, and family or social problems created by your drug misuse, you continue to use the drug.
What substances are most abused?
- Prescription medicine such as pain and anxiety pills along with stimulants.
What causes Substance Abuse and Dependency?
The level of acceptance of drugs and/or alcohol use is determined by cultural and socioeconomic factors. What is legal and what is criminal in terms of drug use is determined by public legislation. The subject of what constitutes normal or acceptable substance use is still up for debate. Multiple variables contribute to substance addiction and dependency, including genetic predisposition, environmental stresses, social pressures, individual personality traits, and psychiatric issues. However, in all circumstances, it is impossible to tell which of these elements has the most impact on a single person.
What symptoms do drug abuse or dependence show?
The following are the most common behaviours that mean a person is having a Substance abuse problem with drugs or alcohol. But each person may have slightly different symptoms. Symptoms may include:
- Using or drinking more than anticipated amounts or for extended periods.
- Constantly wishing to reduce or regulate drug or alcohol consumption, or failing to do so.
- Investing a significant amount of time in obtaining, using, or recovering from the use of drugs or alcohol.
- A strong desire to consume drugs or alcohol is known as a craving.
- Use of drugs or alcohol that often and regularly interferes with employment, education, or household responsibilities.
- Using drugs or alcohol even though it is causing relationship troubles.
- Because of drug or alcohol abuse, people give up or reduce their activities.
- Taking chances, such as sexual risks or driving while intoxicated.
- Consistently using drugs or alcohol, even though they are causing or exacerbating bodily or psychological difficulties. Developing the need to use more drugs or alcohol or a tolerance for the substances in order to get the same effect. Or alternatively using the same amount of alcohol or drug amounts, but not showing a similar or same effect as previous usage.
- If you don’t use drugs or alcohol, you may have withdrawal symptoms. Alternatively, avoiding such symptoms by abusing alcohol or another substance.
- Symptoms of drug or alcohol misuse can be similar to those of other medical or psychiatric illnesses. Always seek medical advice before making any decisions.
How is a Substance Abuse Diagnosis made for Drug use and Dependency?
Substance abuse is usually diagnosed by a family doctor, psychiatrist, or other certified mental health practitioners. Clinical results vary according to the substance abused, the frequency of use, and the period since the last use, and may include the following:
- Treatment for drug abuse or dependence
- Weight loss
- Constant fatigue
- Little concern for hygiene
- Red eyes
- Unexpected abnormalities in heart rate or blood pressure
- Depression, anxiety, or sleep problems
The treatment for drug abuse will be determined by a doctor based on a number of factors including:
- Your age, medical history and health and are all factors to consider.
- The severity of the symptoms
- Dependency’s magnitude
- Your tolerance for various medicines, surgeries, or therapies depends on the type of substance you’ve misused.
- Expectations regarding the condition’s progression
- Your point of view or preference
The Houghton House Substance abuse treatment (or recovery) programs are provided in both inpatient and outpatient settings. The programs that are considered are usually depending on the substance that is misused. Successful treatment includes detoxification at our inpatient facility (if necessary, depending on the substance abused) and long-term follow-up management or recovery-oriented systems of care. Formalized group meetings and psychological support systems, as well as continuing medical supervision, are frequently part of long-term follow-up management.
Individual and family psychotherapy with our professional staff are frequently prescribed to address factors that may have contributed to or resulted in the development of personal addiction and substance abuse